What Is A Direct Drive Motor?

With the development of science and technology, the structure of the traditional servo motor reducer has been far from meeting the high precision requirements of the industry. The emergence of direct drive motors provides efficiency, accuracy, and reliability for motion control systems.

Direct-driven motor laminations are stator and rotor laminations. The stator is a stationary component found in direct-drive electric motors. It consists of a laminated core and coils of insulated wire known as windings. The rotor is the rotating component of an electromagnetic system found in direct-drive electric motors. It is responsible for spinning or rotating within the motor to generate movement or electricity.

In this post, we’ll delve into the fundamentals of direct drive motors, exploring their principles of operation, types, advantages, and applications.

understanding direct driven motor

Working Principle Of Direct Drive Motors

Direct drive motor is a new type of motor technology that converts electrical energy directly into mechanical energy without the need to pass through traditional mechanical transmission devices such as gears, worm gears, synchronization belts, or retarders. Directly driven coupling of the motor to the load, increases the rigidity and control bandwidth of the system, making the system more responsive.

Compared with conventional motors, direct drive motors have a higher power density and can achieve greater power output.

Key Components Of A Direct Drive Motor

Direct drive motor consists of two parts: stator and rotor. The stator is the stationary part of the motor and generally consists of an electromagnetic coil and an iron core. The electromagnetic coil works through the magnetic field generated by the current on the stator. It is usually composed of multiple coil windings. The iron core plays the role of concentrating the magnetic field, improving the efficiency and output power of the motor.

The rotor is the rotating part of the motor, usually consisting of permanent magnets and a rotating shaft. Permanent magnets are the key components for generating magnetic fields. They can be permanent magnet electromagnets or other forms of permanent magnet materials. The rotating shaft is the part that connects the rotor and the external mechanical device. Through the rotation of the rotating shaft, the external device can work.

Types of Direct Drive Motors

types of direct drive motors

Direct Drive Rotary Motors:

Direct drive rotary motors, known as rotary direct drive motors or torque motors, provide rotary motion directly without requiring mechanical transmission components like gears or belts. The rotary direct drive motors include framed and low axial height and large diameter frameless motors.

These motors typically feature a hollow shaft design, allowing them to be integrated directly into the load. Direct-drive rotary motors offer advantages such as high torque density, low inertia, and precise control, making them ideal for applications such as rotary tables, machine tools, and rotary axis drives in industrial automation.

Linear Direct Drive Motors:

Linear direct drive motors provide linear motion directly without the need for rotary-to-linear conversion mechanisms such as screws or belts. The linear direct drive motors divide into cored linear direct drive motors and coreless linear direct drive motors.

These motors come in various configurations to suit different applications. For example, flat linear motors boast a compact design with a low profile, making them suitable for applications with limited space.

Tubular linear motors, on the other hand, consist of a cylindrical stator surrounding a movable rod or shaft, offering high force density and dynamic performance. Linear direct drive motors find applications in precision positioning stages, linear actuators, and high-speed transportation systems.

Tubular Linear Direct Drive Motors:

Tubular linear direct drive motors are a specialized type of linear motor characterized by their tubular design. These motors consist of a cylindrical stator surrounding a movable rod or shaft, with the rotor typically integrated into the load.

Tubular linear direct drive motors offer advantages such as high force density, smooth motion, and precise control, making them well-suited for applications such as pick-and-place machines, packaging equipment, and semiconductor manufacturing.

Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors:

Permanent magnet motors utilize permanent magnets embedded in the rotor to generate magnetic fields, eliminating the need for a separate excitation source.

It is characterized by large torque, fast response, high efficiency, and low noise. Permanent magnet motors find applications in various industries, including machine tools, electric vehicles, and aerospace. Permanent magnet direct drive motors are divided into two types: inner rotor and outer rotor.

Advantages Of Direct Drive Motors

Several advantages of direct-drive motors over traditional motor systems.

High efficiency and energy saving:

Since the direct drive motor does not need to transmit power to the transmission mechanism, it has high conversion efficiency and can make full use of electrical energy, achieve more efficient energy utilization, and thus save energy.

High precision:

The direct drive motor is directly connected to the motor and the mechanical moving part. The movement speed is more stable and the error is smaller, resulting in higher precision and can be used in applications with higher precision requirements.

Low maintenance costs:

Direct-drive motors have lower maintenance costs due to fewer parts, and the maintenance process is simple and convenient, reducing downtime and extending the service life of the equipment.

Low noise:

The direct drive motor can reduce the noise of the transmission device, making the operation less noisy and providing a better experience.

Applications of Direct Drive Motor Lamination Stacks

Direct drive motor cores are widely used in the field of robotics. Suitable for driving key parts such as robot joints, arms, legs, etc.

The direct drive motor core has the characteristics of large output torque, high precision, and sustainable operation. It is suitable for automation equipment that requires long-term continuous operation, such as printing machines, packaging machines, electronic equipment, etc.

More and more medical devices use direct drive motor cores. Motor control in medical devices suitable for non-invasive surgery.

For the aerospace and aviation sector, direct drive motors utilize iron cores for flight control surfaces, landing gear actuation systems, and electric propulsion systems. They provide enhanced reliability and performance over traditional hydraulic or pneumatic systems.

direct drive motor lamination stacks application

Motorneo Direct Driven Motor Laminations Manufacture Capabilities

Motorneo excels in manufacturing direct driven motor laminations, offering a comprehensive suite of capabilities. Our expertise spans various stamping processes, ensuring precise and efficient production of laminations. Additionally, we employ advanced injection molding insulation techniques to enhance insulation properties and durability.

Our stator winding process guarantees optimal performance and reliability, while our lamination stacking ensures precise alignment and assembly. Moreover, we provide prototyping services, allowing for iterative refinement and customization. With Motorneo, clients benefit from a complete range of manufacturing capabilities tailored to meet the exacting requirements of direct driven motor applications.


In conclusion, DD motors eliminate the need for mechanical structures such as reducers and improve the accuracy of the system. Because of its unique features such as low speed and large torque, high-precision positioning, reduced mechanical loss, low noise, and low maintenance, it is widely used in various industries.

For inquiries about direct drive electric motor lamination solutions tailored to your specific needs, don’t hesitate to contact us today.


How do direct drive motors compare to servo motors?

Understanding the differences between direct drive motors and servo motors is crucial. While both direct drive motors and servo motors provide precise motion control, direct drive motors offer advantages such as higher torque density, reduced mechanical complexity, and faster response times. Additionally, direct drive motors eliminate the need for mechanical transmission components, resulting in smoother operation and higher efficiency.

What industries commonly use direct drive motors?

Direct drive motors find applications in industries such as robotics, aerospace, medical equipment, automotive, semiconductor manufacturing, and industrial automation.

Are direct drive motors suitable for high-speed applications?

Yes, direct drive motors are often used in high-speed applications due to their ability to provide rapid and precise motion control.

How do direct drive motors differ from traditional motors?

Direct drive motors differ from traditional motors by directly transferring torque to the driven load without the need for transmission components like gears or belts. This direct coupling enhances efficiency, reduces mechanical losses, and improves precision, resulting in smoother operation and higher reliability in direct drive motors compared to traditional counterparts.

Try to contact us for high-quality motor cores in China.