Axial Flux Motors of Electric Vehicles

The rapid development of new energy vehicles has exceeded many people’s imagination. Not only new power car companies but also many traditional car companies have begun to develop new energy vehicle technology. But the name of this technology may sound a bit unfamiliar to you. It is an axial flux motors of electric vehicles.

Unlike traditional radial flux motors, axial flux motors, with a magnetic flux configuration that optimizes power density, these motors promise higher performance, reduced weight, and enhanced sustainability.

What is Axial Flux Motors?

axial flux motor

Axial Flux Motors, also known as disc motors or pancake motors, represent a revolutionary leap in electric propulsion technology. Axial flux technology applies any motor configuration such as induction, stepper, and even brushed DC.

To understand their significance, let’s delve into the core components that define these motors and explore their historical evolution.

Development Of Axial Flux Electric Motor

The roots of axial flux motors trace back to the mid-20th century, gaining prominence in various industrial applications. Over time, advancements in materials and manufacturing processes propelled these motors into the limelight of electric vehicle development.

The journey from industrial machinery to the forefront of automotive propulsion signifies a rich history of refinement and innovation in axial flux motor technology.

Composition of Motor

At the heart of axial flux motors lies a unique design that sets them apart from traditional radial flux motors. The fundamental composition involves a compact arrangement of the stator and rotor.

Unlike conventional motors where the magnetic flux moves radially, axial flux motors channel the flux parallel to the rotor shaft, resulting in a more streamlined and efficient structure.

The stator, a stationary component, houses coils that generate a magnetic field. In axial flux motors, these coils are arranged in a disc-shaped configuration, encircling the rotor.

The rotor, positioned between the stator discs, consists of permanent magnets. This arrangement allows for a more direct and efficient interaction between the stator and rotor, optimizing power delivery.

Advantages of Axial Flux Motor over Radial Flux

Axial Flux Motor Vs. Radial Flux Motor

Higher Power Density

The magnetic flux path is shorter in Axial flux compare with radial flux motors which leads to higher power density.

Axial flux motors are also called pancake motors. Considering the disk-shaped rotors and stators, these disks can be stacked together to form various configurations of motors.

The most common configurations are single-rotor single stator, dual-rotor single stator, and single-rotor dual stator.

Higher Torque Density

As per the basic mathematics of motors, In the case of axial flux machines, the torque increases in proportion to the cube of diameter increment. While in the case of radial flux machines, it increases in proportion to the square of diameter. 

The diameter getting doubled means 8 times torque increment in Axial flux motors while 4 times in radial flux motors.

Improved Efficiency

The unique configuration of axial flux motors contributes to improved efficiency in power conversion. The direct and shorter magnetic path between the stator and rotor results in reduced energy losses, enhancing overall efficiency.

In industries, machines generally run at a short range of rpm where they provide high efficiency.

But recent developments in Electrical vehicles require motors that can provide high efficiency over the whole range of vehicle running cycle.

Compact Design

Axial flux motors exhibit a pancake-like structure, with a thin and flat form factor. This motor design allows for more flexible integration in various devices and systems, making them suitable for applications where space is at a premium. 

Axial-flux motors are best fit for in-wheel motors(hub motors) due to their geometry. 

Weight Reduction

Due to their yokeless design, axial flux motors generally weigh less than their radial counterparts.

This reduction in weight contributes not only to improved overall vehicle efficiency but also addresses the ever-important challenge of optimizing the weight-to-power ratio in electric vehicles.

Cooling Efficiency

The disc-like arrangement of the stator and rotor in axial flux motors provides better cooling opportunities. Heat dissipation is more effective due to the larger surface area exposed to cooling mechanisms, ensuring optimal operating temperatures.

Simplified Manufacturing

The construction of axial flux motors is often simpler compared to radial flux motors, leading to potentially lower manufacturing costs.

The streamlined design with fewer components contributes to easier assembly and maintenance, making axial flux motors an attractive option for industries seeking cost-effective solutions.

Applications in Electric Vehicles

applications in electric vehicles

Axial flux motors have emerged as transformative elements in the electric vehicle (EV) landscape, showcasing their versatility across a spectrum of applications.

In the automotive sector, these EV motors play a pivotal role in revolutionizing performance. Their compact design and higher power density contribute to increased efficiency, allowing for extended range and faster acceleration.

Beyond cars, axial flux motors find applications in electric motorcycles, enhancing agility and power delivery. 

The versatility of these motors extends further to electric buses and trucks, where their efficiency and compactness contribute to the overall advancement of sustainable transportation solutions.

The aviation sector is also experiencing a shift, with axial flux motors being integrated into electric aircraft and drones, showcasing their adaptability to diverse transportation modes.

In essence, axial flux motors are not confined to a single niche but have become integral components in various electric vehicles, promising a future where sustainability and high performance coexist seamlessly across the entire spectrum of electric transportation.

Motorneo High-quality Axial Flux Motor For EV

Motorneo has focused on the development of disc stator technology for many years. After years of R&D investment, it currently has multiple independently designed and developed disc stator stamping and winding systems, which can meet the daily production capacity demand of 1,000 PCs.

Our axial flux stators export all over the world with dimensions from 25mm to 950mm. In addition, we offer an axial flux stator lamination prototype.

We offer customized skew slot disc motor stators. The skew slot design enhances motor efficiency and reduces cogging, resulting in smoother operation. Our axial flux motors come with 3M260 coating on the stator, providing an extra layer of protection and durability.

Disk motor stator lamination process


As we conclude our exploration into the realm of axial flux motors, it becomes evident that these innovative motors are indeed the driving force behind the future of electric vehicles.

Their unique design, offering higher power density, improved efficiency, and a compact footprint, positions them as key contributors to the evolution of sustainable transportation.

From revolutionizing electric cars to enhancing the performance of two-wheelers, buses, and even aircraft, axial flux motors are reshaping the landscape of electric mobility.


How does the design of axial flux motors contribute to their efficiency in electric vehicles?

The unique design of axial flux motors, with the magnetic flux moving parallel to the rotor shaft, results in a more direct and efficient interaction between the stator and rotor, minimizing energy losses and improving overall efficiency.

What are the key components of an axial flux motor, and how do they function together?

Axial flux motors consist of a stator, rotor, and other essential components. The stator houses coils generating a magnetic field, while the rotor, equipped with permanent magnets, interacts with the magnetic field to produce motion.

Try to contact us for high-quality motor cores in China.