What are Electric Motor Laminations?

Electric motor laminations are crucial components of motors. These thin layers of electrical steel form the core of motor stators and rotors, playing a vital role in enhancing motor efficiency and performance. By reducing eddy currents, laminations ensure that motors run more smoothly and consume less power.

Motor Laminations

Motor laminations, also known as motor cores or iron cores, are an essential part of electric motors. These thin, stacked sheets of magnetic material, typically made from silicon steel or sometimes nickel alloys, play a crucial role in the motor’s performance. They serve as the core for both the stator and rotor, the primary components responsible for converting electrical energy into mechanical motion.

motor lamination stacks

Materials Used for Electric Motor Core

Silicon Steel

Thin-gauge electrical steel is ideally suitable for applications with energy efficiency and high-performance requirements. This material offers excellent magnetic properties.

We commonly use electrical steel laminations ranging from 0.1 to 1 millimeter (mm). In addition, we use grades of electrical steel like M15, M19, M22, M27, M36, M45, etc.

motor core materials

Amorphous Alloys

Amorphous alloys, also known as metallic glasses, are beneficial due to their high electrical resistance and low core loss at high frequencies.

Nickel Alloys

In certain high-performance or specialized applications, nickel alloys may be used for electric motor laminations. These alloys provide exceptional magnetic properties and corrosion resistance, but they are generally more expensive than silicon steel.

Cobalt Alloys

Cobalt alloys have high tensile strength, excellent resistance to corrosion, heat, and wear and tear, and are a sought-after material for lamination. It is a fantastic choice for high-performance applications that require high flux densities and no saturation.

Types of Motor Laminations

Motor laminations can be categorized into two main types, based on their location within the motor:

Stator Laminations: Stator laminations form the stationary part of the motor and surround the rotor. They contain the motor’s windings and play a vital role in generating the magnetic field necessary for motor operation.

Rotor Laminations: Rotor laminations are located within the rotating part of the motor. These laminations are responsible for inducing currents and magnetic fields that interact with the stator to produce mechanical motion.

This distinction between stator and rotor is crucial, as it defines the core operating principles of electric machines.

Manufacturing Process of Motor Iron Core

We produce electrical laminations and lamination segments ranging from 50 mm – 1250 mm in diameter and quantities ranging from several thousand to several million. The manufacturing process of motor laminations is a highly specialized and precise operation.  The main methods of manufacturing motor laminations:

Cutting and Stamping

Whether silicon steel or nickel alloy, we use slitting machine-cut materials to strip. Motor laminations are made from thin coils of electrical steel that are run through automated press lines into large presses that contain progressive or compound tooling that stamps the thin laminations from the steel. In addition, laser cutting can also be utilized for prototype lamination needs.

Annealing and Coating

The laminations undergo annealing, a heat treatment process that relieves internal stresses and enhances magnetic properties. They may also be coated and insulated to improve their resistance to corrosion and enhance their electrical insulation.

Stacking and Assembly

Once the laminations are prepared, they are stacked, bonded, and assembled together to form the core, either for the stator or rotor. We have comprehensive in-house stacking capabilities that include riveting, cleating, welding, gluing, self-bonding, interlock, etc.

Quality Control

We have ISO9001:2008 certification. The Coordinate Measuring Machines (CMM) and Projector Detectors are our quality test tools.  In addition, includes dimensional checks, magnetic property testing, and visual inspections.

visit the industry electric motor core factory

Benefits of Stator And Rotor Laminations

Enhanced Efficiency

Motor laminations reduce energy losses within the motor, leading to improved overall efficiency.

Minimizing Eddy Currents

Eddy currents are circulating currents induced in the motor iron core laminated due to magnetic field variations. Motor laminations are designed to minimize these eddy current losses, as they can lead to unwanted heat generation and energy loss.

Improved Motor Performance

By minimizing energy losses and thermal conductivity, motor laminations contribute to better motor performance, including smoother operation, reduced noise, and increased reliability.

Electric Motor Different Types

AC Motors

Alternating current (AC) motors, whether used in industrial machinery or household appliances, benefit from motor laminations. They contribute to the efficiency and reliability of AC motor operation.

DC Motors

Direct current (DC) motors, commonly found in applications like robotics and electric vehicles, also utilize motor laminations. Their use in DC motors enhances their performance and energy efficiency.

Get high-quality Motor Lamination Stacks

Motorneo have multiple 25ton-300ton press punching, automatic stacking machines, and automatic winding machines. Quality control equipment includes silicon steel detectors, CMMs, projector inspections, etc.

More than 10 years of experience in core stacking allows us to manufacture high-quality stator cores at a lower cost and faster speed.

Whether it’s a high-volume production or a small batch, we can offer high-precision and efficient lamination stacks for on-time delivery of your orders.

Motorneo customized motor stator stacks apply to electric vehicles, drones, elevators, pumps, fans, washing machines, electric drills, wind turbines, etc.

compound stamping motor laminations


As one of the core components of the motor, the motor core provides an important guarantee for the efficient and stable operation of the motor. In practical applications, the correct understanding and use of motor cores is of great significance to improving motor efficiency and extending motor life.


What are eddy currents, and why are they a concern in electric motors?

Eddy currents are circulating currents induced in the motor core due to magnetic field variations. They can lead to unwanted heat generation and energy loss in electric motors, which is why motor laminations are designed to minimize them.

How do material choices impact the efficiency of motor laminations?

The material’s magnetic properties, such as permeability and electrical resistivity, directly impact the efficiency of motor laminations. Materials with higher permeability and lower resistivity are preferred to enhance efficiency.

How to maintain the motor iron core laminated?

Regular Inspections:

Conduct routine visual inspections of the motor core. Look for signs of wear, damage, or corrosion on the laminations, such as rust, cracks, or loose laminations. Address any issues promptly.


Keep the motor core and surrounding areas clean and free of debris. Dust and contaminants can accumulate on the laminations, reducing efficiency and causing overheating.

Temperature Monitoring:

Monitor the operating temperature of the motor during regular operation. Excessive heat can be a sign of problems within the motor core, such as increased resistance or eddy currents. Investigate and address high-temperature issues promptly.


If your motor has bearings or moving parts near the core, ensure that they are properly lubricated according to the manufacturer’s recommendations. Lack of lubrication can lead to increased friction and wear on the laminations.


In cases where the motor experiences unbalanced loads or vibrations, address these issues to prevent uneven wear on the laminations and related components.

Protection from Moisture:

Motors should be protected from moisture, especially in humid or wet environments. Moisture can lead to rust and corrosion on the laminations. Consider using protective coatings or enclosures to shield the motor core from moisture.

Try to contact us for high-quality motor cores in China.