Demystifying Principles and Working Mechanisms Of Switched Reluctance Motors

Have you ever wondered how switched reluctance motors (SRMs) achieve their performance in various applications? In this comprehensive guide, we will introduce the principles and applications of switched reluctance motors, shedding light on their inner workings, advantages, and more.

synchronous reluctance motors and switched reluctance motors

What is Switched Reluctance Motors

Defining SRMs

Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) is a new type of speed regulating motor. This kind of motor adopts a double salient pole structure, in which the stator and rotor are made of a silicon steel sheet superimposed. The stator has a central winding, but the rotor has no winding.

Historical Context

The development of SRMs can be traced back to the mid-19th century when scientists and inventors began exploring the potential of magnetic reluctance for motor applications. However, it’s in recent decades that SRMs have gained significant traction as advancements in control systems and materials have made them more practical and efficient.

The Rise of SRMs

So, why are SRMs gaining prominence in various industries today? The unique structure of SRMs, with separate coils on the stator for independent control, offers significant manufacturing and operational cost benefits.

The Key Components of SRMs

To understand how SRMs work, it’s essential to familiarize ourselves with the key components that make up these motors. Let’s take a closer look at the crucial elements of SRMs:

1. Stator and Rotor

Like most electric motors, SRMs consist of a stator and a rotor. The stator is the stationary part of the motor, typically made of laminated iron cores with coil windings. The rotor, on the other hand, is the rotating part of the motor.

2. Windings and Magnetic Poles

The stator windings are strategically positioned to create multiple electromagnetic poles when energized. These windings play a pivotal role in generating the magnetic fields necessary for motor operation. The rotor is designed with a series of teeth or rotor poles that align with the stator poles.

3. Rotor Position Sensor

To achieve precise control over the motor, many SRMs incorporate a rotor position sensor. This sensor provides real-time feedback on the rotor’s position, allowing for accurate timing of current switching and maximum motor efficiency.

principles and applications Of Switched Reluctance Motors

Working Principles of SRMs

SRM works based on the reluctance torque principle. When current passes through the stator poles, under the action of the magnetic field generated by the stator, the iron core on the rotor will be attracted by the magnetic force and move to the position with the strongest magnetic field intensity under the action of the magnetic force.

Then, the current in the stator will be changed, causing the magnetic field to change, and the rotor will be subject to new magnetic forces, constantly being attracted to the position with the strongest magnetic field. By continuously changing the current in the stator, the rotor can be made to move continuously.

Advantages of Switched Reluctance Motors

Simple Structure

SRMs have a simple design, primarily consisting of a stator and a rotor. There is no winding of any kind on the rotor. The stator has only a simple concentrated winding with a short end and no interphase jumper.

Wide Speed Range

SRM system efficiency and power density are maintained at high levels over a wide range of speeds and loads.

High Efficiency

The switched reluctance motor system is an efficient speed control system. Taking the 3kW SRM system as an example, its system efficiency can reach 87% over a wide range.

High Durability

The absence of brushes, commutators, or slip rings reduces mechanical wear and tear, which significantly enhances the motor’s durability.

High Torque at Low Speeds

SRMs are capable of generating high torque at low speeds, which is beneficial for applications requiring substantial power output without the need for high speed, such as in direct-drive applications.

Good Speed Control

SRMs offer excellent speed control due to the direct relationship between the stator current and the torque produced.

Applications of SRMs

switched reluctance motor application

Having explored the advantages, it’s time to dive into the diverse range of applications where SRMs are making a significant impact:


They are ideal for electric vehicles (EVs) due to their high torque capabilities, reliability, and ability to operate efficiently at a wide range of speeds. Additionally, SRMs are used in applications like air conditioning compressors, fuel pumps, and cooling fans within vehicles.

Renewable Energy

SRMs find applications in wind turbines and solar tracking systems. Their efficiency and adaptability help harness and convert renewable energy more effectively.

Industrial Automation

SRMs are integral to industrial automation, powering conveyor systems, robotic arms, and other machinery that require precise and reliable motion control. The ability of SRMs to operate at very high speeds is particularly advantageous in applications such as pumps and compressors.

Consumer Electronics

SRMs are used in applications like hard disk drives and cooling fans, where their efficiency and compact design are advantageous.

Home Appliances

Washing machines, where their ability to provide high torque at low speeds helps in handling heavy loads efficiently. Vacuum cleaners, where their speed control capabilities enhance performance.

Custom Switch Reluctance Motor Stator And Rotor

Motorneo specializes in crafting custom switched reluctance motor stators and rotor lamination stacks. Our switched reluctance motor core is widely used in industry, home appliances, and other fields.

In the industrial sector, switched reluctance motor cores can be used to drive various loads, such as fans, pumps, robotic arms, etc. In the field of home appliances, switched reluctance motor iron cores can be used in washing machines, range hoods, vacuum cleaners, and other electrical appliances, with high efficiency and energy saving, low noise, long life, and so on.

For those seeking prototype development or low-volume production runs, we offer laser cutting and wire-EDM (Electrical Discharge Machining). These cutting-edge technologies enable us to swiftly and accurately design and create custom lamination prototypes. The prototyping lamination employs glue bonding, self-bonding, laser welding, tig+mig welding, and cleating to stack and bond complete iron cores.

compound stamping die


The switched reluctance motor uses the reluctance effect and the control switch to achieve rotation. By constantly changing the current path and the state of the control switch, the asymmetry of the reluctance drives the rotor to rotate. This kind of motor has the advantages of simple structure and high power density, and is widely used in automobiles, home appliances and other fields.


How does an SRM differ from other types of electric motors like brushed DC motors or permanent magnet motors?

A Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) distinguishes itself from other types of electric motors, such as brushed DC motors or permanent magnet motors, through its unique operating principle.

Unlike brushed DC motors, which rely on commutators and brushes for current direction, and permanent magnet motors, which utilize fixed magnets, SRMs do not have permanent magnets.

Instead, SRMs leverage the variable reluctance of magnetic materials within their construction. This means that SRMs can achieve motion without relying on magnets, offering advantages such as high efficiency, precise control, and adaptability across a wide speed range.

SRMs are particularly well-suited for applications demanding robustness, efficiency, and flexibility, making them a promising choice in modern electric motor technology.

What is an SRM core, and what role does it play in the motor?

An SRM core, also known as the motor’s laminated iron core, is a critical component in a Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM). It serves as the magnetic circuit within the motor, playing a pivotal role in guiding and concentrating magnetic flux during operation.

The SRM core is typically composed of thin laminations made from materials like silicon steel sheets. These laminations are stacked together to form both the stator and rotor cores of the motor.

The use of laminations is crucial because it helps reduce eddy current losses within the core material, enhancing the overall efficiency of the motor.

The primary role of the SRM core is to provide a path for magnetic flux generated by the stator windings, allowing it to interact with the rotor. As the rotor’s position changes, the SRM core directs the magnetic flux to create variable magnetic reluctance, which in turn generates torque and motion.

How do laminations in SRM cores contribute to motor efficiency?

Laminations in Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM) cores are a key factor in enhancing motor efficiency. These laminations, typically made from silicon steel sheets, are used to construct the stator and rotor cores of the motor. Their primary contribution to motor efficiency lies in reducing eddy current losses.

Eddy currents are circulating currents that can develop within the core material due to the changing magnetic field during motor operation. These currents generate heat and result in energy losses, decreasing the overall efficiency of the motor.

However, laminations are designed to interrupt the continuous path of current flow within the core. By doing so, they effectively minimize the formation of eddy currents. As a result, the motor operates with significantly reduced energy losses, leading to improved efficiency and lower heat generation.

This reduction in energy wastage and heat buildup not only increases the motor’s performance but also extends its lifespan, making laminated SRM cores a crucial element in achieving optimal motor efficiency.

What materials are commonly used for SRM cores?

SRM cores are typically made from laminated silicon steel sheets. These materials have excellent magnetic properties and help minimize energy losses.

Try to contact us for high-quality motor cores in China.